Category: Taxation

The end to austerity takes shape

By Colin Burns

02 Nov 2018

Delivered on a Monday afternoon instead of the traditional Wednesday, between key meetings in the Brexit negotiations and amidst turbulent times in Westminster, you could be forgiven for losing track of the 2018 Budget.

Despite the disruption, the Chancellor’s statement brought more focus to the pledged ‘end to austerity’, along with details of an extra £20 billion in funding for the NHS. Whilst many people were expecting tax rises, Mr Hammond’s job was made easier in the lead up to the Budget by updated forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility showing borrowing was £13 billion lower than expected.

One of the most high-profile announcements by Mr Hammond is a new digital services tax – dubbed the ‘Amazon tax’ by the media. Targeted at large companies, the tax has been set at 2% of revenue derived from UK users through use of things such as search engines, social media platforms and online marketplaces.

Coupled with this tax, and with the UK high street reeling from various high-profile company failures, the Chancellor also announced a cut in business rates for smaller retail businesses. From April 2019, retail property with a rateable value below £51,000 will see their bills cut by one third. Local newspapers will receive a further £1,500 discount and even public lavatories will have a new 100% relief.

Not content with appealing to small businesses and the high-street, Mr Hammond also sought to win favour with larger than expected increases to the personal allowance and higher rate threshold. Originally a part of the Conservative manifesto, the increases have been brought forward by a year – taking effect from April 2019 the personal allowance will increase to £12,500 and the higher rate threshold will be raised to £50,000; these allowances will remain for at least two years. The much lauded tax savings are, in most cases, seriously eroded by increases in National Insurance Contributions for the employed and self-employed.

For entrepreneurs, they will now have to hold their shares for two years to be eligible to make a claim for the 10% CGT rate to apply to their gain. Up until 5 April 2019 this period was one year. With immediate effect, the ordinary voting shares must have a true economic interest in the company, meaning the minimum 5% requirement must be real and not just voting shares with no real economic rights. Similarly, shares acquired under EMI options are not subject to the 5% shareholding requirement but the option (and shares subsequently acquired on exercise) must be held for two years in total to be eligible for entrepreneurs relief.

Following the Budget, voices from all corners – including Mr Hammond himself – have warned that another Budget could soon be necessary. Whether it’s a result of the Brexit negotiations or after a General Election, we may see changes to the country’s finances in the near future.

In the meantime, there could well be many aspects of this Budget which is popular. Across the changes to income tax, the politically timely digital services tax, the ninth consecutive year of frozen fuel duties and various spending announcements across roads, high-street environments and tree-planting, it seems clear Mr Hammond wants his ‘end of austerity’ to be believed.

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