About Us

We aim to build a better every day, always thinking beyond and how we can have a positive impact.


Who We Help

We help you make strategic decisions, achieve your long-term objectives, reduce costs and grow your bottom line, whilst also keeping you fully compliant with the latest tax obligations.

73 Cornhill

London, EC3V 3QQ

Tax Compliance

Tax on company cars: A full guide

Tax on company cars: A full guide
Mercedes Goodall

By Mercedes Goodall

15 Mar 2024

As we enter in a new year, 2024 brings a new set of tax changes for company cars. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the recent updates to legislation, providing an in-depth analysis of company car tax, with a focus on hybrids, electric cars and VAT implications. 

Company car tax changes

Company car tax rates remain unchanged from the 2023/24 rates, and as announced in the Autumn Statement 2023 the car and van charges will be frozen until the 2025/26 tax year. Therefore, to find out the car benefit, you would first take the list price and multiply it by the relevant percentage using the table below.  

Car fuel benefit

Using the table below and a fuel benefit multiplier, you can also work out the car fuel benefit. 

For the 2023/24 tax year, the multiplier amount has increased to £27,800. So, for example, an employee is provided with a new BMW 3 series Saloon 320d SE, which has 123/km CO2 emissions. The table below tells us that in 2023-24 the benefit in kind is 29% of the original manufacturers’ list price. However, if any private fuel is provided there is a further taxable benefit of: 

29% * £27,800 = £8,062 

CO2 Emissions g/km  Appropriate % for 2023/24 and 2024/25  Appropriate % for 2025/26  Appropriate % for 2026/27  Appropriate % for 2027/28 
1-50  14  15  16  17 
51-54  15  16  17  18 
55-59  16  17  18  19 
60-64  17  18  19  20 
65-79  18  19  20  21 
70-74  19  20  21  21 
75-79  20  21  21  21 
80-84  21  22  22  22 
85-89  22  23  23  23 
90-94  23  24  24  24 
95-99  24  25  25  25 
100-104  25  26  26  26 
105-109  26  27  27  27 
110-114  27  28  28  28 
115-119  28  29  29  29 
120-124  29  30  30  30 
125-129  30  31  31  31 
130-134  31  32  32  32 
135-139  32  33  33  33 
140-144  33  34  34  34 
145-149  34  35  35  35 
150-154  35  36  36  36 
155-159  36  37  37  37 
160 and above  37  37  37  37 

 For all cars, 4% must be added to the appropriate percentage if the car is diesel and does not meet the RDE2 standard. 

Hybrid car tax overview

Benefit in Kind (BIK) for hybrid cars are designed to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles by offering favourable tax treatment, and therefore typically benefit from lower BIK rates compared to high emission vehicles. The reduction is part of the government’s efforts to promote environmentally friendly transportation.  

The taxable benefit for hybrid company cars with low emissions is determined by the distance the vehicle can travel solely on battery power before switching to petrol. A higher electric-only mileage results in a reduced taxable benefit, as illustrated in the car benefit tables.  

Electric Mileage Range  Appropriate % for 2023/24 and 2024/25  Appropriate % for 2025/26  Appropriate % for 2026/27  Appropriate % for 2027/28 
130 and above  2  3  4  5 
70-129  5  6  7  8 
40-69  8  9  10  11 
30-39  12  13  14  15 
Less than 30  14  15  16  17 

An example in practice would be, Alan has a Volkswagen Passat Estate GTE hybrid company car. It cost his employer E Ltd £38,320 and has the following specifications: 

  • Its emissions are 36g/km. 
  • It combines a modern conventional petrol engine with an innovative electric motor. 
  • Its electric range is 34 miles. 
  • E Ltd pays for all Alan’s private petrol 

Alan’s taxable benefit for 2023/24 will be: 

  • Car Benefit: £38,320 * 12% = £4,598.40 
  • Car Fuel Benefit: £27,800 * 12% = £3,336 
  • Total Taxable Benefit: £7,934.40 

Electric car tax overview 

Electric cars with zero emissions, such as fully electric vehicles, receive the most favourable BIK treatment. The BIK rate for zero-emission cars is often significantly lower than that for petrol or diesel vehicles. 

For the 2023-2024 tax year, fully electric cars are subject to a 2% BIK rate, meaning only 2% of the car’s list price is used to calculate the employee’s tax liability. From April 2025, the BIK rate will increase by 1% every year until 2028.

The list price must include the cost of the battery even if it is leased separately. HMRC’s view (quite understandably) is that the car cannot move without its battery. It is integral to the car. 


If an employee is given a Jaguar I Pace that costs £70,000. It is a fully electric company car. 

The taxable benefit to the employee would be £70,000 * 2% = £1,400. 

There are also additional benefits that would not be a taxable benefit that relates to an electric or hybrid company car.  

For example: 

  • Employer allows cars to be charged from a vehicle charging point at work 
  • Employer pays for a vehicle charging point to be installed at the employee’s home 
  • Employer pays for charge card to allow individuals access to public charging points 

VAT on company cars

In the context of Value Added Tax (VAT) on company cars in the UK, there are several considerations: 

  • VAT on Purchase: When a business purchases a company car, it typically pays VAT on the purchase price. The amount of VAT paid is usually recoverable, assuming the company is VAT registered. However, recovery may be restricted if the car has any personal use or if it’s used for exempt business activities. 
  • Fuel Costs and VAT: If a company also covers the fuel costs for a company car, the VAT on fuel expenses used for business purposes will be recoverable. If there is any personal use of the fuel, the VAT recovery may be limited. 
  • Leasing and VAT: When a company leases a car, the lease payments usually include VAT. The business may be able to reclaim a portion of this VAT depending on the extent of business use.  
  • Private Use and VAT Adjustment: When a company car is used for both business and private purposes, there may be a requirement to make a VAT adjustment. This adjustment accounts for the portion of VAT that relates to the private use of the vehicle. 

VAT incurred on charging points supplied to the business (at their premises) can be recovered. 

However, if the business pays for the installation of a charging point at the employee’s home, then the VAT cannot be recovered as the charging point has been supplied to the employee. 

Company vans

Unlike company cars, where CO2 emissions play a significant role in determining the BIK, for vans the BIK is generally a flat rate. 

For the 2023/24 tax year the employees van benefit charge will increase to £3,960 and the van fuel benefit charge will increase to £757. 

For further information on company vehicles please contact our tax team today. 


For more information contact